Key Northern Plant-based Ingredients in DU NORD SKIN CARE
Please note: Assignments of properties associated with the following ingredients are based on a review of the literature.
Alpine Rose Leaf Extract
Protective; antioxidant. Shown in vitro and in vivo studies to inhibit carbonylation of cutaneous proteins—an irreversible process that increases with aging and exposure to environmental stressors, eg, UV and infrared radiation , pollution, tobacco smoke. Antiviral. In vitro studies show the extract inhibited HSV-1 activity by preventing adhesion of the virus on epithelial cells. Results suggest the extract may reduce outbreaks of herpes (HSV-1) (cold sores).
Apple Fruit Extract
Gentle exfoliant; hydrating, moisturizing. Source of alpha-hydroxyacids (AHAs), anti-oxidant phenolic compounds, vitamin C and minerals (potassium, phosphorus) and carbohydrates. Carbohydrates have humectant (water absorbing) activity and film-forming effects so may help to keep the outer layer of the skin hydrated and prevent transepidermal water loss. AHAs promote skin exfoliation and skin cell regeneration. May provide some degree of photoprotection.
Arctic Mineral Mud
Detoxifying; purifying; softening; toning; smoothing. Source of skin-beneficial minerals. High in magnesium and calcium and contains a variety of trace minerals. May reduce sebum levels and pore size and improve circulation. May help to clear acne. May help to even skin tone. May help to reduce appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Arctic Mineral Salts
Purifying; antiseptic. Derived from pink quartz-like deposits from Canada’s far north.
Aspen Bark Extract
Gentle exfoliant; antimicrobial; anti-inflammatory; anti-irritant. Natural source of salicylic acid. May help to smooth and soothe skin. May help to reduce effects of acne.
Balsam Poplar Bud Essential Oil
Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, anti-allergen. Source of alpha-bisabolol (active component in chamomile) known for its soothing and healing properties. Contributes to aroma.
Balsam Poplar Leaf Water, Tamarack Larch Need/Twig Water and Rose Water Blend
Astringent and toning; antiseptic; soothing; hydrating. Contributes to aroma.
Bearberry Leaf Extract
Astringent; antioxidant; antibacterial. Source of arbutin, a natural inhibitor of tyrosinase, which is involved in melanin production. May help reduce hyperpigmentation and even skin tone.
Black Currant Fruit Extract
Skin conditioning; antimicrobial; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory. Rich in anthocyanins and ellagitannin. May help to reduce visible effects of premature aging associated with UV radiation.
Black Currant Seed Oil
Skin reparative/regenerative; moisturizing; anti-inflammatory. Source of essential fatty acid gamma-linolenic acid (omega 6) and rare source of stearidonic acid (omega 3). May improve epidermal barrier function and prevent transepidermal water loss. May help to reduce premature aging effects associated with chronic activation of pro-inflammatory processes (inflammaging).
Black Spruce Bark Extract
Protective. Very high polyphenol content. A boreal source of trans-resveratrol. Strongly absorbs UVB radiation. Anti-oxidant—inhibits free radicals and lipid per oxidation induced by UV radiation. Inhibits collagenase and stimulates collagen and elastin sythesis, so may protect dermal barrier and help to maintain tissue elasticity. In vivo study suggests it may have a long-lasting hydration effect. Anti-inflammatory —may help to protect skin from chronic inflammation caused by nitric oxide pollutants. Action and efficacy supported by in vitro and in vivo studies.
Black Spruce Needle/Twig Hydrosol and Essential Oil
General tonic. Antiseptic; anti-inflammatory. Contributes to aroma.
Black Spruce Bark
Gentle physical exfoliant.
Blueberry Seed Oil
Skin reparative/regenerative; moisturizing; anti-oxidant; anti-inflammatory. Rich in essential fatty acids alpha-linolenic acid and linoleic acid . Source of Vitamin E (tocopherols), carotenoids, phytosterols and anthocyanins. May improve epidermal barrier function and prevent transepidermal water loss. May help to inhibit processes associated with photoaging and inflammaging. May help to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Bogbean Leaf Extract
Firming and toning. Shown in vitro to protect vitamin C in epidermis and improve and prevent collagen synthesis. Action and efficacy supported by small in vivo study suggesting a positive facial skin-firming effect.
British Colombia Glacial Marine Clay
Detoxifies and purifies skin; gentle exfoliant. Source of skin-beneficial minerals. May reduce sebum levels and pore size and improve circulation; may help to clear acne; may help to even skin tone; may help to reduce appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Skin reparative/regenerative; moisturizing; nourishing; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory. Rich in Vitamin E , especially gamma tocopherol, essential fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid and phytosterols. May improve epidermal barrier function and prevent transepidermal water loss. May reduce visible effects associated associated with oxidative stress and inflammatory processes (photoaging, inflammaging).
Skin-reparative; anti-oxidant; anti-inflammatory; antibacterial; antiviral. Source of vitamins, minerals, polysaccharides, polyphenols, phytosterols and high concentrations of the cell-membrane protective compound superoxide dismutase.
Cloudberry Fruit Extract
Skin reparative; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; anti-microbial. High polyphenol content, notably ellagitannins and metabolite ellagic acid. Rich in carotenoids, anthocyanins, Vitamins C, E and omega 3 and -6 fatty acids, alpha-linoleic acid and linoleic acid. May help protect skin elasticity. May help to prevent pre-mature aging of skin through DNA protection and repair. May reduce hyperpigmentation.
Cloudberry Seed Oil
Skin reparative/regenerative; moisturizing; nourishing; antioxidant. Source of vitamins A and E, essential fatty acids linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid, phytosterols and phenolic compounds. May improve epidermal barrier function and prevent transepidermal water loss. May reduce visible effects associated associated with oxidative stress and inflammatory processes (photoaging, inflammaging).
Cornflower Flower Water, Wild Carrot Seed Water, Sweet Fern Leaf Water and Sweet Grass Leaf Water Blend
Astringent and toning; anti-inflammatory and soothing; hydrating;
calming. Contributes to aroma.
Cranberry Seed Oil
Photoprotective;. skin reparative/regenerative; moisturizing; nourishing antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; antibacterial. Source of essential fatty acids (1:1 ratio of omega-3 to omega 6), and is especially rich in vitamin E, phenolic compounds, anthocyanins and proanthocyanadins. Shown in one study to have significant wound healing effects attributed to a combined action of antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.
Echinacea purpurea Extract
Skin reparative; anti-inflammatory; antioxidant; antibacterial; anti-acne. Used traditionally for wound healing. Action and efficacy supported by in vitro studies. One study found an extract of Echinacea purpurea inhibited P. acnes and reversed the bacterial-induced inflammation. Protects against collagen degradation.
Edelweiss Flower Extract
Photoprotective; soothing. Antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; antimicrobial. Absorbs UV radiation. Results of in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that leontopodic and chlorogenic acids found in edelweiss may protect skin cells against induced oxidative damage. Traditional use as an anti-inflammatory supported by scientific studies.
Elder Flower Water, Labrador Tea Leaf Water, Sweet Gale Leaf Water Blend
Astringent and toning. Anti-inflammatory and soothing; hydrating; antiseptic. Contributes to aroma.
Evening Primrose Seed Oil
Skin reparative/regenerative; moisturizing; anti-inflammatory. Source of gamma-linolenic acid and phytosterols. Evening primrose seed oil sterols shown to inhibit release of pro-inflammatory mediators. May improve epidermal barrier function and prevent transepidermal water loss. May help to reduce premature aging effects associated with chronic activation of pro-inflammatory processes.
Fireweed Flower/Leaf/Stem Extract
Anti-irritant, soothing; anti-inflammatory; antioxidant; antibacterial. Rich source of polyphenols, especially oenothein B and its metabolites. Reduces formation of superoxide and peroxyl radicals. In vivo study found the extract reduced visible signs of inflammation induced by UV radiation exposure. Inhibits P. acne growth and in vivo study showed reduction in blemishes and improved appearance of skin.
Goldenrod Flower Essential Oil
Anti-inflammatory; antimicrobial. Said to help alleviate stress and calm nervousness. Contributes to aroma.
Goldenrod Flower Water and Rose Flower Water Blend
Astringent and toning. Antiseptic; soothing; hydrating. Contributes to aroma.
Great Burdock Extract
Skin conditioning; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; antibacterial, anti-fungal. Source of vitamin B complex, trace minerals and skin-beneficial phenolic acids. Traditional use as acne treatment. May regulate sebum production and stimulate circulation.
Heather Flower Extract
Anti-inflammatory, antibacterial; anti-oxidant, astringent, skin-tone evening. Source of arbutin (reduces hyperpigmentation), ursolic acid (anti-inflammatory), and flavonols (anti-oxidant). Considered beneficial for sensitive and acne-prone skin.
Iceland Moss Extract
Nourishing; moisturizing; purifying; soothing, healing; antioxidant; antiseptic. Source of vitamins (A, C, B1, B12) and minerals. High mucilage content contributes to soothing effect Traditionally used in Scandinavian countries and Iceland to treat wounds, dry skin, eczema.
Juniper Fruit Essential Oil
Antiseptic. Source of alpha-pinene, which has antibacterial and antifungal activity. Contributes to aroma.
Labrador Tea Leaf Water and Essential Oil
Tonic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic. Traditionally used to treat wounds, dry, burned or inflamed skin. The essential oil has been suggested to help ease insomnia and has been shown to have measurable and significant antioxidant, antibacterial and anti fungal activities. Both the hydrosol and oil contribute to aroma.
Lactobacillus/Cranberry Fruit Ferment Filtrate
Gentle exfoliant. A source of proteolytic enzymes derived from cranberry fruit.
Lactobacillus Ferment and Oat Kernel Extract
Anti-inflammatory; anti-irritant. Source of avenathramides, a unique class of antioxidant polyphenols found only in oat that have antihistamine and anti-inflammatory properties, which may help to soothe and calm irritated skin, oat peptides/amino acids, phospholipids, polyols (anti-irritant compounds), glycolic acid and lactic acid. May help support and accelerate recovery of the skin's microbiome. Moisturizing. Firming. Strengthens skin barrier and helps prevent water transepidermal water loss. May help to relieve dry and itchy skin. May help to reduce fine lines and wrinkles.
Lingonberry Fruit Stem Cell Extract
Skin reparative/regenerative; anti-oxidant; anti-inflammatory. A sustainable and enriched source of lingonberry fruit polyphenols. An in vitro study indicates extract enhances superoxide dismutase synthesis after exposure to infrared radiation, which can penetrate subcutaneal layers, and reduces synthesis of inflammatory mediators generated by exposure to UVB. In vivo study indicated diminished oxidative stress in skin, with reduced appearance of wrinkles and improved skin density.
Lingonberry Fruit/Bearberry Leaf Extract
Antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; antimicrobial; skin-tone evening. Combines the superfood power of lingonberry fruit, rich in Vitamin C, E and polyphenols with anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and anti-microbial and skin-tone evening effects associated with arbutin derived from bearberry leaf.
Lingonberry Seed Oil
Skin reparative; moisturizing; nourishing; anti-oxidant; anti-inflammatory. Exceptionally high in alpha-linolenic (omega-3), linoleic (omega-6) fatty acids. A source of gamma-tocotrienol (Vitamin E family) with potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. May improve epidermal barrier function and prevent transepidermal water loss. May help to inhibit processes associated with photoaging and inflammaging. May help to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. This extract is also reported to reduce hyperpigmentation.
Mycosporine-like Amino Acids
Photoprotective. Derived from the red alga Porphyra umbilicalis and sequestered in liposomes for concentration and delivery. A natural UVA filter that prevents oxidative damage caused by UVA, which is less dependent on time of day or season and penetrates clouds and glass. Action and efficacy supported by in vitro and in vivo studies.
Skin reparative; moisturizing; anti-inflammatory; antimicrobial, sebo-suppressive; skin-tone evening. Enhances skin moisturization and structure, stimulates aquaporin 3 expression, stimulates ceramide, free fatty acids and cholesterol; synthesis; stimulates collagen synthesis; reduces transepidermal water loss; reduces transfer of melanosomes from melanocytes to keratinocytes. May reduce hyperpigmentation. May help to reduce severity of inflammatory acne. May reduce appearance of fine lines and wrinkles associated with pre-mature and normal aging.
Oat Kernel Oil
Skin reparative/regenerative; moisturizing; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; soothing. Source of tocopherols (Vitamin E), phytosterols, phospholipids, essential fatty acids. Especially recommended for dry skin. May improve epidermal barrier function and prevent transepidermal water loss and reduce damage associated with inflammatory processes. An especially rich and soothing oil with a luxurious feel.
Queen of the Prairie/Meadowsweet Flower/Leaf/Stem Extract
Astringent; firming; anti-inflammatory; analgesic and soothing; antioxidant; antibacterial. Source of flavonoids, salicylic compounds and tannins. Meadowsweet extracts have been shown to inhibit the elastin-degrading enzyme, elastase. Traditionally used as an anti-inflammatory agent. May help to tone and firm skin, stimulate circulation as well as help to soothe and repair.
Raspberry Seed Oil
Photoprotective; antioxidant. nourishing; reparative; emollient, Absorbs radiation in the UVB region. Scatters radiation in the UVA region, possibly helping to prevent UVA-induced oxidative damage. High levels of proVitamin A carotenoids and essential fatty acids. Source of ellagitannins (metabolized to ellagic acid). The cold-pressed oil is a source of the vitamin E in the form of alpha-tocopherol (most potent tocopherol antioxidant). The CO2 oil extract has a naturally high concentration of gamma-tocopherol, a potent anti-inflammatory and its anti-oxidant activity is particularly strong against the kinds reactive nitrogen species found in air pollution. May help to prevent premature aging of the skin, especially photoaging. May improve epidermal barrier function and transepidermal water loss. May help to reduce hyper-pigmentation.
Red Maple Bark Extract
Skin regenerative; protective; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory. Very high polyphenol content—phenolic glycosides, flavonoids (catechin), phenolic acids (gallic acid), pyrogallol, proanthocyanidins. Inhibits collagen degradation; stimulates collagen production; stimulates elastin fibre production; stimulates involucrin synthesis. May stimulate dermal regeneration and improve skin structure, tonicity and firmness and improve the mechanical resistance of skin, supporting its integrity and barrier function. May have a plumping effect on the skin and reduce the appearance of fine lines and deeper wrinkles. Action and efficacy supported by in vitro and in vivo studies.
Red Maple & Black Spruce & Yellow Birch & Jack Pine Barks Extract
Hydrating, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory. High concentration of polyphenols and terpenoids; In vitro study using a specialized skin model system indicates this extract stimulates aquaporin-3 expression, a small membrane protein that transports water across skin cells. A small in vivo study showed application of the extract in a basic cream provided a long-lasting moisturizing effect. May increase skin hydration capacity and provide stable, long-lasting hydration and maintenance of elasticity.
Rose de Mai Flower Extract & Damask Rose Flower Essential Oil
Skin conditioning; antiseptic; astringent. Rose has a history of use in skin care and has been used to help soothe skin and to help calm the mind. Contributes to aroma.
Roseroot Root Extract
Protective; antioxidant. Considered an adaptogen. In vitro and in vivo studies show the Rhodiola rosea root extract stimulates beta-endorphin production; action attributed to unique phytochemicals of this species. Used traditionally in Russia and Scandinavia as an anti-stress and anti-fatigue agent, to improve physical stamina and to alleviate symptoms of mental unwellness. Skin cells have neurotransmitter receptors and synthesize neurotransmitters, including beta-endorphin. Thus topical application of Roseroot extract may stimulate beta-endorphin production in skin and help reduce sensations of stress and fatigue, promote a sense of wellbeing, and as a result improve skin appearance.
Seabuckthorn Fruit Total Extract
Nourishing; antioxidant; healing. Source of vitamins, polyphenols, minerals, and the rare omega-7 fatty acid palmitoleic acid, a major skin constituent, and essential fatty acids alpha-linolenic acid and linoleic acid. Rich in tocopherols and tocotrienols (Vitamin E). May stimulate collagen production. Traditionally used to treat wounds, burns, acne and other skin conditions. Generally considered a powerful skin-healing ingredient.
Tamarack Larch Essential Oil
Antibacterial. Source of alpha-pinene, which has antibacterial and antifungal activity. Contributes to aroma.
Violet Leaf Extract
Soothing; healing; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory. Considered soothing and useful for sensitive, dry or inflamed skin.
Violet Leaf Essential Oil
Soothing; healing; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory. Considered soothing and useful for sensitive, dry or inflamed skin. Contributes to aroma.
White Spruce Hydrosol and Essential Oil Anti-inflammatory; antiseptic; analgesic. Source of camphor, alpha-pinene. Alpha-pinene contributes to the documented robust antibacterial and antifungal activities of white spruce essential oil. Contributes to aroma.
Wild Carrot Seed Oil
Anti-inflammatory; antibacterial; antifungal. Widely considered skin rejuvenating and soothing. Contributes to aroma.